About this disease
What it is about
The background is often chronic inflammation. As a result, an excessive amount of connective tissue forms in the lungs. This fibrosis of the delicate lung skeleton impairs oxygen uptake, reduces the expandability of the lung and thus leads to a deterioration in lung function.
Pulmonary fibrosis can have many different causes, from pollutants in the air we breathe to chronic infections and systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis to certain medications. But in only about half of those affected can the disease be traced back to a specific trigger. The other half are referred to as idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. It is subdivided into various subtypes, the most common of which is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Symptoms and consequences
The term pulmonary fibrosis covers a wide range of clinical pictures. In all of them, there is remodeling of the connective tissue in the lung framework. Pulmonary fibrosis symptoms are non-specific, the most common being shortness of breath on exertion and a dry cough.
What we do for you
Examination and diagnosis
It is not uncommon for pulmonary fibrosis to be confused with other lung or heart diseases, especially in the early stages of the disease. Various examinations are usually required for a reliable diagnosis. Thus, we usually perform lung function tests and a CT scan.
The most important therapeutic measure for pulmonary fibrosis with a specific cause is to treat or avoid it. In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, therapy aims to slow the progression of the disease. Depending on the type of pulmonary fibrosis, antifibrotic medications may also be used. Physiotherapeutic measures can help maintain the quality of life of those affected and improve performance.